Cyclone Thane

The ‘Cyclone Thane’ hit Tamil Nadu on 30.12.2011 and caused extensive damage to horticulture crops to an extent of 48040.90 Ha and affected the livelihood of 70366 farmers. The crop damage assessment was taken up on war footing manner and a compensation of Rs.41.48 crores for horticulture crops was disbursed to the affected farmers. Towards rehabilitating the livelihood of affected farmers, Hon’ble Chief Minister has announced a special package for horticulture crops for Rs.724.96 crores. Under the Special Package, re-cultivation of annual crops and replanting of perennial horticulture crops will be taken up in the affected areas by undertaking the following activities. 

  • Cutting and removal of fallen trees
  • Procurement of machinery for cutting fallen trees
  • Removal of stumps
  • Ploughing
  • Pitting and Filling
  • Re-cultivation –Annual Crops & Perennial crops
  • Intercropping
  • Irrigation facilities
  • Micro Irrigation 

Government have accorded sanction for establishment of Project Management Unit to be stationed at Cuddalore at an out lay of Rs.203.48 lakhs. It will function under the head of a Project officer in the cadre of additional collector with the following objectives.

  • Implementing rehabilitation package of Agriculture and Horticulture Crops
  • Management and Evaluation of implementation of rehabilitation package
  • Timely distribution of packages
  • Co-ordination between departments
  • Reporting the progress of implementation to the respective Directorates and the Government.

Block Level Management Cell will be established in the blocks in which perennial crops like cashew, jack etc were severely affected. 64 posts have been created for a period of one year on deputation basis form departments like Agriculture, Horticulture, Agriculture Engineering, TNAU and Rural Development and Panchayat Raj. 62 Temporary posts have been created for one year which will be filled up on contract basis. Necessary infrastructure facilities will be provided to Project Management Unit and Block Level Management Cell. 

Department of Horticulture and Plantation Crops

Status Report on Cyclone Thane

Cyclone ‘Thane’ hit Tamil Nadu on 30.12.2011 and caused extensive damage to Horticultural crops to an extent of 48,040.90 Ha in the districts of Cuddalore, Villupuram, Thanjavur, Nagapattinam, Kanchipuram, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Erode, Ariyalur, Dharmapuri and Salem. Perennial horticulture crops like Cashew, Jack etc were damaged to an extent of 36,517.08 Ha. 

1.Crop Damage

Sl.No.KindMajor Crops AffectedArea Affected (Ha)No. of Farmers Affected
IAnnual Crops   
1VegetablesWater Melon, Gourds, etc.3858.538472
2Spice CropsTurmeric589.261459
3Flower CropsJasmine, Crossandra, etc.307.58985
4Medicinal CropsGloriosa, Coleus41.0057
5Non-Perennial Fruit CropsBanana6727.4711428
 Total Annual Crops 11523.8422401
6Perennial CropsCashew34096.0043256
  Jack1044.082118
  Other Perennial Crops –Mango, etc.1044.082118
IITotal Perennial Crops 36517.0847965
 Grant Total 48040.9270366

2.District wise area affected

S/noDistrictsArea Affected (Ha)No.of farmers affected
 1

Cuddalore

38155.58

51327

 2

Villupuram

7909.00

14544

 3

Kancheepuram

759.02

991

 4

Tiruvannamalai

581.63

1619

 5

Nagapattinam

450.91

1072

 6

Vellore

87.23

435

 7

Salem

9.68

26

 8

Erode

1.58

5

 9

Dharmapuri

9.21

26

 10

Thanjavur

23.11

96

 11

Ariyalur

54.36

225

 12

Total

48041.31

70366

3. Compensation

The crop damage assessment was taken up on a warfooting manner and completed on 10/1/2012. Compensation amount of Rs.14.48 crores was distributed to the affected farmers. 

4. Special Package 

Considering the plight of the farmers who have incurred heavy loss due to complete damage of standing crops,  Hon’ble  Chief Minister announced a  Special Package to rehabilitate the affected farmers. The Special package programme was originally proposed as detailed below.

5. Special Package for Horticulture Crops –Originally Proposed

Sl. No.ComponentsUnitPhysicalFinancial Outlay
(Rs.in lakhs)
Implementation

1

Cutting and Removal of fallen trees

Ha.

36517.2

5477.56

MGNREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme)/Lump sum cash assistance

2

Machinery for cutting fallen trees

Nos.

600

300.00

Agricultural Engineering

3

Removal of Stumps

Ha.

36517.2

13693.94

Agricultural Engineering

4

Ploughing

Ha.

36517.2

365.17

Agricultural Engineering

5

Pitting and Filling

Ha.

36517.2

3149.63

MGNREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme)

6

Cultivation Cost

Ha.

48040.8

4782.33

Horticulture Dept

7

Intercropping in perennial crops (Pulses)

Ha.

36517.2

1387.64

Agriculture Dept

8

Irrigation facilities

Ha.

32867.2

8965.00

MGNREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme), NABARD

9

Micro Irrigation System

Ha.

3650

912.50

Horticulture Dept

10

Project Monitoring Unit

No

1

203.48

 

 

Total

 

 

39237.25

 

11

Maintenance from 2nd year to 5th year

Ha

36517.08

33259.665

Horticulture Dept

 

Total

 

 

72496.915

 

6. Revised Estimate 

Due to the fragile nature of plants, particularly in crops like cashew, at initial stage the extent of damage was heavy. However, during the post Thane period, natural rejuvenation occurred and partially damaged trees have survived. Hence, the crop damage was re-estimated and Special package has been programmed to be implemented as detailed below. The details of revised assessment and achievement made so far as below.

S/noComponentUnitRevised assessmentAchievement made up to 22.9.2012

 

 

 

Phy

(Rs.in lakhs)PhyFin
(Rs.in lakhs)

1

Removal of stumps and Roots

Ha

8678.59

2169.647

1487.93

358.257

2

Distribution of Vegetable minikits

Nos

22666

425.08

911

8.558

3

Re cultivation of Spice crops

Ha

589.25

109.01

0

0.000

4

Re cultivation of Non-Perennial Fruit crops

Ha

6727.47

504.80

0

0.000

5

Re-cultivation of-Flower crops

Ha

307.58

89.61

0

0.000

6

Replanting of Perennial crops

Ha

11470

1311.89

8.01

29.00

7

Re-cultivation of Medicinal Plants

Ha

41

4.07

0

0.000

8

Intercropping in Perennial crops-Distribution of pulses minikits

Nos

55460

555.82

19480

194.80

9

Micro Irrigation

Ha

700

328.62

4

0.904

10

Project Management Unit

No

1

203.48

1

37.000

 

Total

 

 

6304.27

 

628.519

 

7. Cutting and Removal of Stumps and Roots of the damaged fallen trees and Ploughing

Government have issued orders for cutting and removal of fallen trees in 36517.08 ha and sanctioned a sum of Rs. 9129.27 lakhs to provide back ended assistance to the affected farmers as lump sum Grant @ Rs.25000 per Ha as per the G.O Ms.No.60 Agriculture (H1) Department, Dated 30.3.2012 & G.O Ms.No. 145, Agriculture (H1) Department, Dated 20.7.2012. Based on this, orders were issued to Deputy Director of Horticulture, Cuddalore and Villupruam to cut and remove stumps & roots of the fallen trees. Farmers have waited for natural rejuvenation of fallen trees. Flowering occurred from the fallen trees and farmers obtained yield with a yield loss of 60%-70%. The extent of damage also differs from field to field. Therefore, Re-assessment was done for cutting and removal of stumps and roots. As per the revised assessment, Cutting and removal of fallen trees will be taken up in 8678.59 Ha in Cuddalore and Villupuram districts as detailed below.

7.1. Cuddalore District

The area affected under cashew is 32162 ha. Cutting and removal of fallen trees will be taken up in 8200 Ha as below.

  • 1200 Ha area to be cleared 100%
  • 7000 Ha partial clearance.

Based on the above revised assessment, the cutting and removal of fallen trees are in progress.

7.2 Villupuram District

The area affected under cashew is 4502 ha. Farmers have come forward to clear fallen trees in 478.59 Ha as below

  • 134.16 Ha area to be cleared 100%
  • 487.59 Ha partial clearance

7.3. Progress

S/noDistrictTotal Area affected
(Ha)
Revised Assessment
(Ha)
Area cleared
up to 20.9.2012
(Ha)

Amount release
(Lump sum Grant )
(Rs.in lakhs)
TargetAch

1

Cuddalore

32162

8200

1372.62

2050.00

329.429

2

Villupuram

4502

478.59

115.31

119.647

28.828

 

Total

36664

8678.59

1487.93

2169.647

358.257

PUM is super checking with 100% field verification. It is expected that, before 15.10.2012, the target will be achieved.

8. Planting 

Planting is taken up immediately after completing cutting and removal of stumps, ploughing and pitting. Re-planting will be taken up in 8678.59 Ha as below.

S/no

District

High Density Planting

Normal planting

Total

 

Area in Ha

1

Cuddalore

1200.00

7000.00

8200.00

2

Villupuram

134.16

344.43

478.59

 

Total

1334.16

7344.43

8678.59

 

  • A model high density cashew orchard has been established in 8.01 Ha in Melirruppu village, Cuddalore with bore well facilities to create awareness and motivate  farmers on re-planting of cashew with High Density Planting 
  • Planting works are taken up on a warfooting manner. It will be completed in full before 31.10.2012.

9. Planting materials 

21.358 lakh Cashew grafts of high yielding variety i.e VRI 3 is required to replant in 8678.59 Ha. 10 lakh Cashew grafts will be procured from State Horticulture Farm, Neyveli, Vridhachalam and RRS. Vridhachalm. 10.00 lakh cashew grafts will be procured through TANHOPE and 1.358 lakh cashew grafts from TAFECORN.

A sum of Rs. 29.00 lakhs was paid to RRS. Vridhachalm, as an advance amount, to supply 1.60 lakh cashew grafts immediately.

10. Re-cultivation of vegetable crops, spice crops, Non-Perennial fruit crops, medicinal and flower crops.

  • Out of 22666 Nos of minikits, 911 Nos of vegetable minikits were distributed and the remaining minikits will be distributed during 1st week of Oct-2012.
  • Distribution of bio-fertilizers & bio-pesticides for spice crops, banana, flower crops, medicinal crop and perennial crops will be completed before 15.10.2012. 

11. Intercropping

Due to the revised assessment, the requirement of pulse minikits have been reduced from 1.82 lakh minikits to 55982 and out of this, 19480 minikits have been distributed. The balance minikits (BlackGram) will be distributed during Oct-2012.

12. Micro –Irrigation 

           Micro irrigation will be provided to high density cashew orchards to be established in 1334.16 Ha. So far, 4 Ha have been covered. To provide bore well facilities to farmers, Joint Liability Groups and willing individual farmer groups have been formed. In Cuddalore district, 157 individual farmers and 47 JLGs have been formed. In Villupuram district, 5 individual farmers groups and 1JLG have been formed. On a warfooting manner, coverage of area under micro irrigation is being taken up.

13. Special Package Implantation 

The special package of Cyclone ‘Thane’ is being implemented on a warfooting manner in co-ordination with the Project Management unit to complete the target before 30.10.2012. 


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