Pudukkottai District was carved out of Tiruchirappalli and Thanjavur districts in January 1974. The district has an area of 4663 Sq. Km. with a coast line of 42 Kms. It is bounded by Tiruchirappalli district in the North and West, Sivagangai district in the South, Bay of Bengal in the East and Thanjavur district in the North East.The district lies between North Latitude between 9° 50' and 10° 40' East Longitude and between 78° 25' and 79° 15'.The District is composed by 3 Revenue Divisions, 12 Taluks, 44 Firkas and 763 Revenue Villages. At the developmental front, it has 13 Blocks, 499 Village Panchayats, 2 Municipalities and 8 Town Panchayats.
Climate : The district consists of average rainfall of 821mm with high temperature throughout the year. Generally a dry and hot climate prevails in this District.
Temperature : The temperature ranges from a maximum of 39.7C to minimum of 22.4C. April to June are the hottest months and December to January are the coldest months.
Horticulture Area :The district has horticultural crop area of 23592 Hectares, in which Fruits (37%) occupies major area and followed by Vegetables (36%), Plantation (20%), Spices (4%), Flowers (3%) and Medicinal crops (0.2%).
Cashew is the major growing region consist of (6339) ha, followed by Coconut (9043 Ha), Tapioca (800 Ha), Mango (1031 Ha), Acidlime (541 Ha) and Chillies (431 Ha) are the major Horticulture crops that are cultivated in the district. The blocks namely Karambakudi, Thiruvarankulam and Gandarvakottai were major fruits growing region and Ponnamaravathy, Gandarvakottai, Thiruvarankulam and Aranthangi were major vegetable growing region.