Thoothukudi is located at 8.53°N 78.36°E. and is situated in South-Eastern corner of the Tamil Nadu State. The district is surrounded in the Northern side by Virudhunagar District, The Southern Corner and Western side by Tirunelveli District and the Eastern side by Bay of Bengal.
The Total Geographical area is 4,70,723 ha, Out of which 1,97,694 ha area is under cultivation. Horticulture crop occupies an area of approximately 40,000 ha, Out of which fruit crops coveres an area of 9,840 ha. Banana is one of the major crop which occupies more than two third of the total area cultivated under fruit crops. Spices occupies the second major cultivated area, followed by fruit crops. Spices are cultivated under rainfed condition covering an area of 14,084 ha. Chillies and coriander are the main Spice grown as rainfed condition. Plantation crops occupy an area of 9300 ha. Medicinal Plants 106 ha, Flowers 437 ha and vegetables 6189 ha.