Vellore district lies between 12° 15’ to 13° 15’ North latitudes and 78° 20’ to 79° 50’ East longitudes . This district is surrounded on North by Andhra Pradesh state, on the south by Thiruvanamalai district and on the East by Ranipet district and on the west by Thirupathur district . This district being located at the bank of Palar river has 7 blocks holding 317 revenue villages where 60% of population are involved in agriculture activities.
Vellore district has favourable agro climatic condition for raising different kinds of Horticulture crops like fruits, vegetables and flower crops. Additional area can be brought out by utilizing the vast fallow land available in the district. The total geographical area of the district is 2152.36 sq.kms (215236 hectares) and the net sown area is 44780 hectares which constitutes 21 % of the total geographical area of the district. The area under Horticulture crops is 16408 hectares which occupies 36.00 % of the net sown area.
Vellore has a tropical climate suitable for tropical fruits, Vegetables and flowers. The district accounts for 2.16 % of area coverage and 3.14 % of production of Horticulture in the state. Of this more than 60% of the areas are rainfed and the balance areas are catered through irrigation sources viz wells, canals and tanks. There is absence of surface water irrigation in the district. Efforts are initiated by the department of horticulture to increase the area under horticulture crops by way of irrigation through drip system.
Among the Fruit crops mango constitutes 77 % of area under fruit crops. Many improved varieties are being introduced in the district through MIDH- NHM, NADP scheme. Mango is the major growing region consist of 6200 ha, followed by Coconut (5300 Ha), Banana (1204 Ha), Greens (586 Ha), Guava (385 Ha), and Jasmine (310 Ha) are the major Horticulture crops that are cultivated in the district.
The blocks namely Gudiyatham-Mango, Anaicut –Guava and Kaniyambadi- Banana and Turmeric, KVKuppam -Mango and Greens, and Katpadi-Greens were major growing region.