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Micro Irrigation Scheme under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

                        Micro Irrigation technology plays a vital role in Agriculture in saving water and increasing productivity through effective utilization of every drop of water.  Micro Irrigation has received considerable attention from farmers for its perceived ability to contribute significantly to groundwater resources development, agricultural productivity and economic growth. Drip Irrigation System is a life saver for many farmers in Tamil Nadu, by enhancing the yield and quality of the produce. Increasing water scarcity and limited availability of labour has paved the way for implementation of Micro Irrigation scheme. Micro Irrigation technology improves water use efficiency by 40% - 60% by precise water application. Through fertigation technology, fertilizers are directly applied to the root zone in drip irrigation, hence fertilizer use efficiency is also increased.

                       The Micro Irrigation Scheme in Tamil Nadu is being implemented under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana “Per Drop More Crop” component, a flagship scheme of Government of India, from the year 2015-16 onwards. In Tamil Nadu, Micro Irrigation has emerged as a technology for sustainable agriculture and a suitable solution to manage the fast depleting ground water sources. By adopting this technology there is a significant impact on income with increased productivity, uniform growth and earlier maturity. 

Water being the vital input, Government of Tamil Nadu has well recognized the importance of Micro Irrigation Scheme and is extending 100% subsidy to Small/Marginal farmers and 75% subsidy to Other farmers in order to encourage more small farmers to install drip and sprinkler irrigation systems. Through the earnest efforts of the Government, from 2007-18 to 2016-17, an area of 2.54 lakh ha has been brought under micro irrigation both for horticultural and agricultural crops at a financial outlay of Rs.1339.46 crores benefitting 2,57,968 farmers. 

  During the year 2017-18, it was programmed to cover an area of 1,22,130 ha under micro irrigation at a financial expenditure of Rs.688.70 crores which is more than the area covered in the previous three years which emphasizes the importance for adoption of micro irrigation technology in Tamil Nadu. The Government has also borne the 12% GST on Micro Irrigation Systems to reduce the financial burden on farmers.

A new website namely “Micro Irrigation Management Information System” (MIMIS) URL:- http://tnhorticulture.tn.gov.in/horti/mimis/ has been developed during the year 2017-18 and the entire process of implementation right from registration of beneficiaries to final fund release has been made online. This online process has simplified the implementation procedure and aids in quicker processing of the applications. It also brings in more transparency in implementation of the scheme.

In the current financial year 2018-19, it is proposed to implement the Micro Irrigation Scheme in an area of about 1,43,178 ha with a financial expenditure of Rs.982.48 Crores to bring in more area under micro irrigation and thereby enhance the income and productivity of the farmers.

Crop wise subsidy under Micro Irrigation scheme:


Sl.no

Crop

Irrigation

System

Spacing

Subsidy / Ha

Subsidy Excluding GST

SF/MF  (100% )

Other Farmers  (75% )

1

Tamarind

Drip

12m x 12m

20910

20910

15683

2

Mango, Jack

10m x 10m

22426

22426

16819

3

Cashew

7m x 7m

27185

27185

20389

4

Guava, Lemon, Orange, Sweet Orange

6m x 6m

29257

29257

21943

5

Guava, custard apple, Lemon, Mango, Anola

5m x 5m

33074

33074

24805

6

Moringa, Arecanut, Grapes

3m x 3m

45748

45748

34311

7

Pomegranate

2.5m x 2.5m

53183

53183

39887

8

Papaya, Banana

2m x 2m

64828

64828

48621

9

Banana

1.5m x 1.5m

75755

75755

56816

1.8m x 0.6m

72442

72442

54331

10

Ginger, Vegetable, Rose, Gloriosa, Coleus, Jasmine

1.2m x 0.6m

101012

101012

75759

11

Flowers and Plantation Crops

Sprinkler

 

18630

18630

13973

Rain Gun

 

27230

27230

20423