Tamil Nadu with seven agro-climatic conditions and varied soil types is better suited for production of Fruits, Vegetables, Spices, Plantation crops, Flowers, Medicinal and Aromatic plants.
Tamil Nadu is one among the leading Horticulture State contributing 5.9% towards National Horticulture Production and 5.4% in respect of total Horticulture crops area at National level.Tamil Nadu accounts for nearly 5.6% of the area under fruits and 4.7% of area under Vegetables in the Country.In terms of production, the States share is nearly 5.8% in fruits and 3.5% in Vegetables and 17% in flowers. Source- Area and Production of Horticulture Crops for 2019-20 (Third Advance Estimate). Out of the total Geographical area of 130.05 Lakh.Ha, the total area covered under Horticulture crops accounts to 14.74 Lakh.Ha. Tapioca, Onion, Tomato, Brinjal & Ladies finger are the main vegetables grown in Tamil Nadu. These account for over 70% of the total area under vegetables. Mango (52%) and Banana (28%) are the leading fruit crops in Tamil Nadu contributing more than 80% towards total area under Fruits category. Off-season production of Mango and round the year production of Grapes is unique to Tamil Nadu.
Doubling the production and tripling the income of farmers is the prime policy of Tamil Nadu. The Horticulture Department has taken up the challenge to fulfill the State’s policy by achieving higher growth rate in Horticulture by implementing several developmental schemes and also through propagation of relevant technologies to step up the production.
The major Schemes operated by the Department of Horticulture and Plantation crops are
4. National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
Apart from the Schemes operated by Department of Horticulture and Plantation crops, there are Boards which render assistance to crops like Tea, Coffee, Coconut, Rubber and Spices.