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State Profile

Tamil Nadu, nestled in the South-East part of peninsular India is blessed with varying Agro-climatic zones from dry sub-humid to semi-arid because of the presence of 1000 K.M. long Coastal Line and ghat areas to its West and hilly areas along the North.

Agro-climatic Zones :

There are seven Agro-climatic zones in Tamil Nadu based on the climatic conditions and monsoon patterns prevailing in those areas. The zones are as follows:-

Sl.No.Agro-climatic zoneDistricts
1Western ZoneCoimbatore, Erode, Thiruppur, Dindigul and Theni
2Southern ZoneMadurai, Ramanathapuram, Thirunelveli, Sivagangai, Virudhunagar, Thuthukudi, Pudukottai and Karur
3North Eastern ZoneKancheepuram, Thiruvallur,Vellore, Thiruvannamalai , Cuddalore, and Villupuram.
4North Western ZoneDharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Salem, Namakkal, Perambalur,and Ariyalur
5Delta ZoneThanjavur, Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam and Trichirapalli
6High Rainfall ZoneKanyakumari
7Hilly and Tribal ZoneThe Nilgiris

The four seasons in Tamil Nadu are not distinct and over-lap with the following season :

There are two monsoon seasons viz., South-West Monsoon and North-East Monsoon . We also get some summer showers during the month of April-May. Hence, the average annual Rainfall of Tamil Nadu is 968 m.m.

Horticulture in Tamil Nadu :

Tamil Nadu is blessed with the seven Climatic conditions & varied soil types which is highly suited for production of Horticulture cops.

Due to the determined and persistent efforts of the State Government and continued support from the Central Government, the State has made head-way progress in Horticulture in the past years.

The Horticulture crops have been classified into six categories viz., fruits, vegetables, spices and condiments, plantation crops, flowers and medicinal and aromatic plants.

Major fruit crops grown are Banana, Mango, Citrus, Grapes, Guava, Sapota, Papaya, and Pine -apple. Mango and Banana are the leading fruit crops in Tamil Nadu contributing to more than 80% of total area under fruits category. Off season production of Mango and Year round production of Grapes is the unique feature of Tamil Nadu.

Major Vegetable crops grown are Tapioca, Onion, Tomato, Brinjal and Bhendi, these accounts for 70% of the total area under Vegetable crops.

Important Spices and Condiments grown are Chillies, Turmeric, Tamarind, Coriander, Pepper,Cardamom and Clove.

Tea, Coffee, Rubber and Cashew are the important Plantation Crops grown in Tamil Nadu.

In addition to the traditional flowers like Jasmine, Crossandra, Tuberose, and Chrysanthemum, cut flowers like Rose, Carnations , and Gerbera are also being produced in the State. The Major cut flowers belt are Krishnagiri, Dindigul (Kodaikanal) and The Nilgiris.

Medicinal and Aromatic crops like Gloriosa, Senna, Coleus, Lemon-grass and Periwinkle are grown in Districts like Villupuram, Virudhunagar, Dindigul, Tiruvannamalai, Madurai, Thoothukudi, Ariyalur and Madurai.

Innovative and advanced technologies are disseminated to the Horticultural farmers through training provided under various Schemes implemented by the Department to increase the productivity of Horticultural crops to enlighten the life of farmers.

The position of Tamil Nadu at All India level with regard to Area, Production and Productivity.

1. Ranking of Area under Horticulture crops - Final Advance Estimate 2017-18.



Sl. No Crop
Area - Position (‘000 Ha)
I II III Position of Tamil Nadu
1 Banana Karnataka (110.55) Kerala (109.26) Andhra Pradesh (88.96) 4 (82.63)
2 Mango Andhra Pradesh (363) Uttar Pradesh (265.62) Odisha (199.08) 7 (152.57)
3 Guava Uttar Pradesh (49.53) Madhya Pradesh (35.08) Bihar (27.61) 9 (9.69)
4 Papaya Gujarat (20.31) Andhra Pradesh (18.01) Kerala (16.15) 15 (1.53)
5 Amla Uttar Pradesh (35.16) Madhya Pradesh (20.42) Gujarat (8.15) 4 (7.44)
6 Lemon Gujarat (46.28) Andhra Pradesh (34.88) Maharashtra (27.27) 12(9.65)
7 Grapes Maharashtra (105.50) Karnataka (26.61) Mizoram (2.45) 4 (2.16)
8 Sapota Gujarat (29.55) Karnataka (25.31) Maharashtra (15.03) 5 (5.76)
9 Water melon West Bengal (16.6) Uttar Pradesh (13.74) Odisha (11.73) 6 (9.10)
10 Tapioca Tamil Nadu (89.61) Kerala (54.73) Andhra Pradesh (12.68) 1 (89.61)
11 Beans Gujarat (62.62) West Bengal (24.75) Bihar (16.55) 10 (8.67)
12 Onion Maharashtra (507.96) Karnataka (195.28) Madhya Pradesh (150.87) 10 (28.36)
13 Potato Uttar Pradesh (614.78) West Bengal (427.5) Bihar (304.78) 23 (3.51)
14 Tomato Odisha (91.01) Madhya Pradesh (84.53) Karnataka (64.25) 12 (29.08)
15 Brinjal West Bengal (163.18) Odisha (117.92) Jharkand (80.09) 12 (15.08)
16 Cabbage West Bengal (79.46) Bihar (37.97) Odisha (37.74) 21 (3.03)
17 Carrot Haryana (26.56) Bihar (14) Punjab (8.87) 8 (3.74)
18 Ladies Finger West Bengal (77.55) Gujarat (75.27) Odisha (64.07) 13 (11.82)
19 Cashew nut Odisha (193.99) Maharashtra (191.45) Andhra Pradesh (186.78) 6 (91.06)
20 Chillies Andhra Pradesh (209.35) Karnataka (127.6) Madhya Pradesh (90.98) 7 (44.10)
21 Tamarind Tamil Nadu (15.26) Karnataka (15) Kerala (10.61) 1 (15.26)
22 Turmeric Telengana (50.15) Odisha (27.89) TamilNadu(25.5) 3 (25.5)
23 Coconut Kerala (807.13) Karnataka (518.39) Tamil Nadu (441.49) 3 (441.49)
24 Loose Flowers Jammu & Kashmir (49.58) Kerala (38.25) Tamil Nadu (34.23) 3 (34.23)


Source: Horticulture at a glance, 2018 (GOI).

2. Ranking of Production under Horticulture crops - Final Advance Estimate 2017-18.



Sl. No Crop
Production – Position (in ‘000 MT)
I II III Position of Tamil Nadu
1 Banana Andhra Pradesh (5003.07) Gujarat (4472.32) Maharashtra (4209.27) 4 (3205.04)
2 Mango Uttar Pradesh (4551.83) Andhra Pradesh (4373.61) Bihar (2443.47) 5 (1234.00)
3 Guava Uttar Pradesh (928.44) Madhya Pradesh (686.7) Bihar (427.61) 9 (155.06)
4 Papaya Andhra Pradesh (1687.82) Gujarat (1256.51) Karnataka (593.69) 9 (141.58)
5 Amla Uttar Pradesh (384.32) Madhya Pradesh (302.18) Tamil Nadu (152.87) 3 (152.87)
6 Lemon Gujarat (605.62) Andhra Pradesh (562.01) Madhya Pradesh (306.73) 8 (157.91)
7 Grapes Maharashtra (2286.44) Karnataka (524.2) Tamil Nadu (58.93) 3 (58.93)
8 Sapota Gujarat (326.36) Karnataka (315.38) Tamil Nadu (169.96) 3 (169.96)
9 Water melon Uttar Pradesh (619.65) Andhra Pradesh (360.08) Karnataka (336.85) 6 (216.25)
10 Tapioca Tamil Nadu (2862.14) Kerala (1725.98) Andhra Pradesh (192.15) 1 (2862.14)
11 Beans Gujarat (645.56) Jharkand (191.18) Tamil Nadu (161.86) 3 (161.86)
12 Onion Maharashtra (8854.09) Madhya Pradesh (3701.01) Karnataka (2986.59) 14 (301.14)
13 Potato Uttar Pradesh (15555.53) West Bengal (12782.5) Bihar (7740.79) 22 (67.66)
14 Tomato Andhra Pradesh (2744.32) Madhya Pradesh (2419.28) Karnataka (2081.59) 11 (887.08)
15 Brinjal West Bengal (3027.75) Odisha (2013.02) Gujarat (1423.00) 11 (302.41)
16 Cabbage West Bengal (2288.5) Odisha (1058.78) Madhya Pradesh (686.91) 13 (200.36)
17 Carrot Haryana (445.99) Punjab (197.17) Uttar Pradesh (160.85) 6 (107.3)
18 Ladies Finger Gujarat (921.72) West Bengal (914.86) Bihar (787.78) 14 (124.89)
19 Cashew nut Maharashtra (269.44) Andhra Pradesh (116.92) Odisha (98.59) 6 (57.99)
20 Chillies Andhra Pradesh (992.90) Telengana (340.80) Karnataka (260.14) 7 (45.87)
21 Tamarind Tamil Nadu (94.81) Karnataka (70.5) Kerala (36.47) 1 (94.81)
22 Turmeric Telengana (294.56) Maharashtra (190.09) Tamil Nadu (136.87) 3 (136.87)
23 Coconut Kerala (5829.00) Karnataka (4326.75) Tamil Nadu (4152.01 3 (4152.01)
24 Loose Flowers Tamil Nadu (429.9) Andhra Pradesh (428.95) Madhya Pradesh (245.55) 1 (429.9)


Source: Horticulture at a glance, 2018 (GOI).

3. Ranking of Productivity under Horticulture crops - Final Advance Estimate 2017-18.



Sl. No Crop
Productivity – Position
I II III Position of Tamil Nadu
1 Banana Madhya Pradesh (56.24) Gujarat (65.62) Punjab (58.56) 9 (38.79)
2 Mango Rajasthan (17.58) Uttar Pradesh (17.14) Punjab (16.89) 12 (8.09)
3 Guava Andhra Pradesh (24.11) Punjab (22.51) Assam (21.83) 7 (16.00)
4 Papaya Andhra Pradesh (93.72) Tamil Nadu (92.54) Karnataka (67.85) 2 (92.54)
5 Amla Tamil Nadu (20.55) Assam (19.52) Andhra Pradesh (16.81) 1 (20.55)
6 Lemon Karnataka (23.37) Tamil Nadu (16.36) Andhra Pradesh (16.11) 2 (16.36)
7 Grapes Punjab (28.38) Tamil Nadu (27.28) Maharashtra (21.67) 2 (27.28)
8 Sapota Tamil Nadu (29.51) Madhya Pradesh (17.52) Andhra Pradesh (13.03) 1 (29.51)
9 Water melon Uttar Pradesh (45.1) Karnataka (33.09) Andhra Pradesh (32.68) 7 (23.76)
10 Tapioca Tamil Nadu (31.94) Kerala (31.54) Others (21.8) 1 (31.94)
11 Beans Tamil Nadu (18.67) Uttar Pradesh (14.99) Jharkand (14.81) 1 (18.67)
12 Onion Sikkim (56.45) Madhya Pradesh (24.53) Gujarat (24.29) 21 (10.62)
13 Potato West Bengal (29.9) Gujarat (28.56) Punjab (26.1) 12 (19.28)
14 Tomato Andhra Pradesh (44.50) Himachal Pradesh (42.88) Uttar Pradesh (39.62) 6 (30.5)
15 Brinjal Uttar Pradesh (34.38) Andhra Pradesh (26.03) Karnataka (25.34) 11 (20.05)
16 Cabbage Tamil Nadu (66.13) Himachal Pradesh (34.34) Uttar Pradesh (33.44) 1 (66.13)
17 Carrot Sikkim (56.41) Tamil Nadu (28.69) Uttar Pradesh (25.09) 2 (28.69)
18 Ladies Finger Jammu & Kashmir (41.4) Jharkand (17.1) Andhra Pradesh (15.06) 13 (10.57)
19 Cashew nut Maharashtra (1.41) West Bengal (1.14) Nagaland (1.08) 11 (0.64)
20 Chillies Andhra Pradesh (4.74) Others (4.71) Telengana (4.62) 16 (1.04)
21 Tamarind Madhya Pradesh (9.69) Maharashtra (8.12) Telengana (6.25) 4 (6.21)
22 Turmeric Gujarat (19.68) Haryana (14.67) Nagaland (14.35) 10 (5.37)
23 Coconut Telengana (16.43) Andhra Pradesh (9.68) Tamil Nadu (9.4) 3 (9.4)
24 Loose Flowers Sikkim (68.75) Himachal Pradesh (19.3) Andhra Pradesh (16.66) 4 (12.56)


Source: Horticulture at a glance, 2018 (GOI).