Vegetables are the store houses of most of the vitamins, minerals and proteins. The nutritional value of vegetables is unsurpassed – many vegetables have a low Glycemic index and high nutrient content compared to other foods. Since Tamil Nadu has varied climatic conditions, much number of vegetables are grown in Tamil Nadu.
The main vegetables grown in Tamil Nadu are Tapioca, Onion, Tomato, Brinjal & Ladies finger. These account for over 70% of total area as well as the production of vegetables. Hybrid vegetable cultivation is promoted by providing assistance to cultivation. The hybrid vegetable protray seedlings are being raised in State Horticulture Farms and distributed to farmers at subsidized cost to increase the area and production under vegetable cultivation.
|SI.NO||Name of the Crop||Area(Ha)||Production (M.T)||Productivity (M.T/ha)||Major Vegetable Growing Districts|
|1||Tapioca||89,609||28,62,135||31.94||Villupuram, Namakkal, Dharmapuri, Salem and Erode|
|2||Onion||28,357||3,04,246||10.73||Perambalur, Dindigul, Tiruchirapalli, Namakkal and Tirunelveli|
|3||Tomato||29,078||8,87,080||30.51||Dharmapuri, Salem, Krishnagiri, Dindigul, and Coimbatore|
|4||Brinjal||15,084||3,02,408||20.05||Dharmapuri, Salem, Dindigul, Vellore and Krishnagiri|
|5||Ladies Finger (Bhendi)||11,824||1,24,887||10.56||Dharmapuri, Salem, Dindigul, Tiruvallur and Tiruvannamalai|
|6||Beans||8,672||1,61,998||18.68||Dindigul, Krishnagiri, Vellore, Theni and Erode|
|7||Carrot||3,742||1,07,423||28.70||Dindigul, The Nilgiris and Krishnagiri|
|8||Potato||3,506||67,663||19.30||Dindigul, Erode, Niligiris, Krishnagiri and Tiruppur|
|9||Bitter gourd||2,922||66,371||22.71||Dharmapuri, Coimbatore, Salem, Dindigul and Cuddalore|
|10||Leafy Vegetables||2,732||51,339||18.79||Salem, Tiruvallur and Dharmapuri|
The standard per capita requirement of vegetables for adults is 300 g/day. But as per our current production levels, 130 g/day alone can be supplied. Hence Department of Horticulture is operating many schemes for vegetables which include area expansion, protected cultivation structures, Integrated Pest, Disease and Nutrient Management and micro Irrigation for increasing the productivity thus increasing the production. Special schemes like Peri Metro Vegetable Cluster Development Programme are operated especially to cater to the vegetable needs of urban population. Due to health safety concerns, the importance of organic vegetable production is also growing in the State. There is a sure and high end market for organically grown vegetables and many of the corporate have also entered into the area of vegetable production by the introduction of IT platform in agriculture.
During 2018-19, action will be initiated for increased Certified Seed production of selected vegetables in selected SHFs for expansion of area and promotion of kitchen garden in Households.