Saturday 23th Feb 2019

Flowers

Floriculture is the art and knowledge of growing flowers to perfection. It deals with the cultivation of flowers and ornamental crops from the time of planting to the time of harvesting. It also includes production of planting materials through seeds, cuttings, budding, grafting and marketing of flowers and flower produces.It includes cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for sales or for use as raw materials in cosmetics, Perfume industry and also Pharmaceutical sector.

India is bestowed with several agro-climatic zones conducive for production of sensitive and delicate floriculture products. This era has seen a dynamic shift from sustenance production to commercial production. As per National Horticulture Database 2010 published by National Horticulture Board, during 2009-10, the area under floriculture production in India was 0.183 milliion hectares with a production of 1.021 million loose flowers and 666.7 million cut flowers. Floriculture is now commercially cultivated in several states with Tamil Nadu (25%) Karnataka (20%), Andhra Pradesh (14%) having gone ahead of other producing states like Mahrashtra, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Gujarat, Orissa, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh.

India's total export of floriculture was Rs.286.45 crores in 2010-11. The major importing countries were USA, Pakistan, Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Belgium and United Kingdom. There are more than 300 export-oriented units in India. More than 50% of the floriculture units are based in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. With the technical collaborations from foreign companies, the Indian floriculture industry is poised to increase its share in world trade.

In Tamil Nadu, out of the total area of cultivation under Horticulture and Plantation crops of 922005 ha the flowers occupy 25610 ha. Dindigul,Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri ,Salem, Vellore, Madurai, Tiruvannamalai, Tirunelveli and Erode are the major flowers growing districts in our State.

The major flowers grown are Jasmine, Mullai, Rose, Crossandra, Chrysanthimum, Marigold,Tube Rose, Arali,Jathimalli etc. The Area, Production and Productivity for the major flower crops grown in Tamil Nadu are

SI>NO Flowers Area (in Ha) Production (in Tonnes) Productivity (Tonnes/Ha)
1 Rose 1949 14130 7.25
2 Jasmine 10623 92951 8.75
3 Mullai 2769 23537 8.50
4 Jadhi malli 841 7569 9.00
5 Crossandra 1317 2634 2.00
6 Chrysanthimum 2240 20160 9.00
7 Marigold 1502 22530 15.00
8 Arali 1195 9261 7.75
9 Tube rose 1529 15290 10.00
10 Others 3174 34343 10.82
TOTAL 25610 227115 8.87
MAJOR DISTRICTS GROWING MAJOR FLOWER CROPS
JASMINE MULLAI ROSE TOATL FLOWERS
Area Prodn Area Prodn Area Prodn Area Prodn
Coimbatore 158 1383 207 1760 22 160 781 7151.62
400 3500 127 1080 121 877 2133 17583.46
Dindigul 703 6151 168 1428 399 2893 3499 31822.13
Erode 1061 9284 67 570 13 94 1437 12941.22
Krishnagiri 754 6598 307 2610 436 3161 2552 21833.9
Madurai 1220 10675 51 434 92 667 1658 14952.36
Salem 576 5040 16 136 184 1334 2097 19398.15
Thiruchirapalli 503 4401 48 408 40 290 927 8906.51
Thirunelveli 1267 11086 26 221 32 232 1596 14510.56
Thiruvallur 800 7000 55 468 146 1059 1134 9657.62
Tiruvannamalai 391 3421 248 2108 69 500 1620 15294.85
Vellore 492 4305 865 7353 79 573 1878 15947.57
STATE TOTAL 10623 92951 2769 23537 1949 14130 25610 227114.93
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