Floriculture is the art and knowledge of growing flowers to perfection. It deals with the cultivation of flowers and ornamental crops from the time of planting to the time of harvesting. It also includes production of planting materials through seeds, cuttings, budding, grafting and marketing of flowers and flower produces.It includes cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for sales or for use as raw materials in cosmetics, Perfume industry and also Pharmaceutical sector.
India is bestowed with several agro-climatic zones conducive for production of sensitive and delicate floriculture products. This era has seen a dynamic shift from sustenance production to commercial production. As per National Horticulture Database 2010 published by National Horticulture Board, during 2009-10, the area under floriculture production in India was 0.183 milliion hectares with a production of 1.021 million loose flowers and 666.7 million cut flowers. Floriculture is now commercially cultivated in several states with Tamil Nadu (25%) Karnataka (20%), Andhra Pradesh (14%) having gone ahead of other producing states like Mahrashtra, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Gujarat, Orissa, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh.
India's total export of floriculture was Rs.286.45 crores in 2010-11. The major importing countries were USA, Pakistan, Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Belgium and United Kingdom. There are more than 300 export-oriented units in India. More than 50% of the floriculture units are based in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. With the technical collaborations from foreign companies, the Indian floriculture industry is poised to increase its share in world trade.
In Tamil Nadu, out of the total area of cultivation under Horticulture and Plantation crops of 922005 ha the flowers occupy 25610 ha. Dindigul,Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri ,Salem, Vellore, Madurai, Tiruvannamalai, Tirunelveli and Erode are the major flowers growing districts in our State.
The major flowers grown are Jasmine, Mullai, Rose, Crossandra, Chrysanthimum, Marigold,Tube Rose, Arali,Jathimalli etc. The Area, Production and Productivity for the major flower crops grown in Tamil Nadu are
|SI>NO||Flowers||Area (in Ha)||Production (in Tonnes)||Productivity (Tonnes/Ha)|
|MAJOR DISTRICTS GROWING MAJOR FLOWER CROPS|