Wednesday 26th Jun 2019

Fruits

Fruits have been recognized as a good source of vitamins and minerals, and for their role in preventing Vitamin C and Vitamin A deficiencies. People who eat fruit as part of an overall healthy diet generally have a reduced risk of chronic diseases. Eating a diet rich in fruit may reduce risk for stroke, Cardiovascular diseases and type-2 diabetes.

Mango and Banana are the leading fruit crops in Tamil Nadu accounting for over 81% of the total fruit production. Mango holds nearly 53% of total fruits area. Mango contains high level of vitamin c, fibre and pectin making it a perfect fruit that helps in controlling high cholesterol level. Off-season production of Mango and round the year production of Grapes is the unique feature of Tamil Nadu. Bananas are one of the best fruit sources of vitamin B6 and potassium, Potassium in banana is good for heart health and maintains normal blood pressure.

Pomegranates are not only delicious and beautiful; they're also one of the most nutritious fruits you can eat. It has 82% water and about 50 calories. It is an excellent source of potassium (199 mg) and a good source of fiber and low in calories.

Guava today has picked up market. Guava predominates and it is valued for processing. 'Redland', the first named cultivar in Florida, was developed at the University of Florida. The Other cultivars are'Supreme' , 'Red Indian', 'Ruby', 'Lucknow 42', Lucknow 49', 'Safeda'–'Smooth Green', 'Allahabad'–Kerala,'Nagpur Seedless' 'Seedless' 'Red-fleshed', 'Wickramasekara'.The guava thrives both in humid and dry climates.

Papaya is gaining importance nowadays because of the medicinal properties and rich nutrients. Papaya fruit is rich in nutrients and carries a wide range of amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals and ensures strengthening the bones, preventing muscle cramping and increasing energy. There are two types of papaya, Hawaiian and Mexican. Papayas need a light, well-drained soil. Papayas are normally propagated by seed and cuttings.

The other common fruits of Tamil Nadu are Amla, Sapota, Water Melon Jack, ect.,

Area, production and productivity & Major Fruits cultivating districts (Advance Estimates-2017-18)
SI.NO Name of the Crop Area(Ha) Production (M.T) Productivity (M.T/ha) Major Fruit Growing Districts
1 Mango 1,52,569 12,68,017 8.31 Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Vellore and Tiruvallur
2 Banana 82,632 32,05,035 38.79 Erode, Thoothukudi, Dindigul, Coimbatore and Kanyakumari
3 Lemon 9,652 1,57,910 16.36 Dindigul, Thirunelveli, Theni, Thoothukudi and Virudhunagar
4 Guava 9,691 1,55,058 16.00 Dindigul, Madurai, Vellore, Virudhunagar and Cuddalore
5 Water Melon 9,095 2,16,316 23.78 Kancheepuram, Viluppuram, Thiruvallur, Thiruvannamalai and Erode.
6 Amla 7,435 1,52,868 20.56 Dindigul, Thirunelveli, Tiruppur, Sivagangai and Theni
7 Sapota 5,761 1,69,957 29.50 Dindigul, Vellore, Virudhunagar, Thirunelveli and Theni
8 Jack fruit 2,371 64,266 27.10 Cuddalore, Dindigul, Kanyakumari, Namakkal and Pudukkottai
9 Grapes 2,160 58,927 27.27 Theni, Dindigul and Coimbatore
10 Papaya 1,525 1,41,584 92.83 Dharmapuri, Erode and Vellore

During 2018-19 and 2019-20 the State focus will be towards increased production of quality planting materials in SHFs, High density planting and massive promotion of MI, particularly in Banana and other fruit crops.

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