Saturday 23th Feb 2019

Fruits

Fruits have the ethinic value in celebrations and it is the favourite food of mankind. The table to dine in decorated with delightful fruits. Todays changing food pattern enhances the area expansion under fruits.. The preferable choice of fruits are Mango, Apple, Banana, Grapes, Orange, Guava Pomegranete, Sapota etc

Mango "The King of Fruits" is nutritionally rich, unique flavoured, tasty and healthy. It is a tropical tree distributed wide across the world and Tamil nadu ranks first is the mango production

Neelam, Banglora, Sendura, Himayudin, Alfansoa, Sindhi, Malgova are the varieties of Mangoes. Mangoes are famous in South India however in North , Alphanso variety from Maharastra is world famous export variety .In southern district of Salem, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri mangoes have a bumper yield. Krishnagiri district in the Tamil Nadu state is the prominent region which is involved in the mango cultivation and fruit processing activity. It has about 385 mango fruit processing units.

Banana is one of the most important major fruit crops grown in India. In respect of area it ranks second and first in production with an annaul output of about 16.820 mt. Tamil Nadu leads in total area and production i.e 4887841T from 113681 ha. Dwarf Cavendish , Robusta , Rasthali ,Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, MonthanKarpuravalli, Safed Velchi Musa etc. are the few varieties of banana. Thoothukudi, Trichirapalli, Coimbatore, Erode, Tirunelvelli, Kanyakumari, Vellore and Thanjavur districts together accounts for 60.2 % of the total area under this crop.

Pomegranates are not only delicious and beautiful, they're also one of the most nutritious fruits you can eat. It has 82% water and about 50 calories. It is an excellent source of potassium (199 mg) and a good source of fiber and low in calories.

Guava today has picked upmarket. Guava predominates and it is valued for processing. 'Redland', the first named cultivar in Florida, was developed at the University of Florida. The Other cultivars are'Supreme' , 'Red Indian', 'Ruby', 'Lucknow 42', Lucknow 49', 'Safeda'–'Smooth Green', 'Allahabad'–Kerala,'Nagpur Seedless' 'Seedless' 'Red-fleshed', 'Wickramasekara'.The guava thrives both in humid and dry climates.

Papaya is gaining importance nowadays because of the its medicinal properties and rich nutrients . Papaya fruit is rich in nutrients and carries a wide range of amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals and ensures strengthening the bones, preventing muscle crumping and increasing energy. There are two types of papaya, Hawaiian and Mexican. Papayas need a light, well-drained soil. Papayas are normally propagated by seed and cuttings.

The other common fruits of Tamil Nadu are Amla, Sapota, Pineapple, Jack, ect.,

Area, Production & Productivity of Fruits in Tamil Nadu

SI.NO Name of the Fruits Area Production Productivity
1 Mango 132697 636330 4.80
2 Banana 113681 4887841 43.00
3 Amla 8059 128944 16.00
4 Lemon 7463 21886 2.93
5 Guava 7017 92523 13.19
6 Sapota 6943 180240 25.96
7 Watermelon 4489 1334670 30.00
8 Jack 2926 39427 13.47
9 Grapes 2546 44144 17.34
10 Orange 2039 4194 2.06
11 Pear 982 34674 35.31
12 Pine Apple 500 18026 36.05
13 Other Fresh Fruits 440 13200 30.00
14 Plums 417 4587 11.00
15 Papaya 406 64343 158.48
16 Pomegranate 347 10410 30.00
17 Other Citrus Fruits 296 9232 31.19
18 Peach 116 696 6.80
19 Muskmelon 62 1150 25.00
20 Litchi 22 176 8.00
21 Apple 5 30 6.00
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