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Saturday 20th Apr 2024
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State Profile

Tamil Nadu is one among the leading Horticulture State contributing 6.09% towards National Horticulture Production and 5.47% in respect of total Horticulture crops area at National level. Tamil Nadu accounts for nearly 4.59% of the area under fruits and 3.36% of area under Vegetables in the Country. In terms of production, the States share is nearly 6.31% in fruits and 4.64% in Vegetables. Source: Third Advance Estimate 2021-22, Horticulture Statistics Division, Department of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India. Out of the total Geographical area of 130.05 Lakh Ha, Horticulture crops are cultivated in 15.89 Lakh Ha. Mango (46%) and Banana (32%) are the leading fruit crops in Tamil Nadu contributing more than 75% towards total area under Fruits category. Off-season production of Mango and round the year production of Grapes is unique to Tamil Nadu.

Doubling the production and tripling the income of farmers is the prime policy of Tamil Nadu. The Horticulture Department has taken up the challenge to fulfill the State’s policy by achieving higher growth rate in Horticulture by implementing several developmental schemes and also through propagation of relevant technologies to step up the production.

The major Schemes operated by the Department of Horticulture and Plantation crops are

1. Micro Irrigation scheme under Per Drop More Drop Component of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

2. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture - National Horticulture Mission (NHM)

3. National Agricultural Development Programme (NADP)

4. National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

a) Rainfed Area Development (RAD)

b) Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

5. National AYUSH Mission - Medicinal Plants (NAM-MP)

6. National Bamboo Mission (NBM)

7. TNIAMP (IAMWARM II) Project (Tamil Nadu Irrigated Agriculture Modernization Project - Horticulture)

8. Integrated Horticulture Development Scheme (IHDS)

9. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

10. Collective Farming Scheme

Apart from the Schemes operated by Department of Horticulture and Plantation crops, there are Boards which render assistance to crops like Tea, Coffee, Coconut, Rubber and Spices.

1. Tea board

2. Coffee board

3. Rubber board

4. Coconut Development Board

5. Spices board